General permit report for objects exported and returned

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Principal collecting institutions are granted general permits by the Minister of the Arts under Section 10A of the Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 (PMCH Act) to export Class B Australian protected objects that have been accessioned into their collection....

Questions and Answers—Indigenous Repatriation Program—International

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For more than 150 years, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ancestral remains were removed and sent to museums, universities and private collections both in Australia and overseas. They were collected by medical officers, anatomists, ethnologists, anthropologists and pastoralists. At the time of collection, ancestral remains from many Indigenous cultures around the world were highly sought after for scientific research and the value it was believed they added to collections.